Urbanization of Bangladesh is developed by the natural growth of city, sub-urban growth, sub-urban transformation to urban area, and attaining new urban centers. Accordingly, growth of major urban centers depends on natural growth of city, sub-urban growth, sub-urban transformation and change in development level of sub-urban areas. As a result, the economy of those areas changes over time and the changes are controlled by a number of factors that playing increasingly dominated roles on the urban as well as national economy of Bangladesh. In the research an attempt has been made to identify the factors that have been influencing the economic transformation, the consequences of transformation in the area, and adopted governmental policies and programmes to develop them. Necessary data and information have collected from both primary and secondary sources for the study, and to analysis and represent of collected data quantitative analysis and mapping techniques have been applied. The research findings indicate that the change in economic setting of those areas in term of occupation, income, expenditure, land use, agricultural practices, infrastructure and facilities and so on is dependent on a set of factors such as distance, market demand, growth center, land availability and land value, employment opportunity, facilities and governmental development policies and programmes.
The universal complaint that the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) i.e. City Corporations and Municipalities (Pourashavas in Bangladesh) in developing countries are in dire need of resources not only for investment to meet the increasing demand of growing urban population but also for maintenance of the existing services. Municipal finance in Bangladesh has so far not been extensively studied. For this research, Dhaka City Corporation (DCC) has been chosen for a case study. The research has investigated on how the financial capability of City Corporation can be strengthened. Investigation was made on various sources of revenue, existing state of tax base, and various problems pertaining to income and expenditure of Dhaka City Corporation. The study has explored potential sources of financing and made some suggestions to enhance local initiatives in strengthening financial capability.
Cities and city regions are practically observed to be the engines of economic growth in the age of globalization. Cities and their regions thus diversely play important roles in national and international contexts. City provides opportunities for economic growth and development and quality life for its population and services to its outside areas, sometimes exceeding the national boundaries. Globalization has, however, created both opportunities and threats for the survival of cities. To become an active partner in the process of globalization, cities with their regional economic strengths require preparing them with their potentials and removing weaknesses. As a capital city, Dhaka has potentials for becoming a global city with its geopolitical location and economic prospects. It has political and administrative advantages in the national context and scope for utilizing the benefits of urban economics, especially agglomerations, concentration of labor and financial institutions, and business services. The physical growth of the city is, however, associated with many-faceted problems which has to be addressed in its planning and development processes in order to bring functional efficiency of a modern city. The city must be developed in a planned manner to benefit from global market and international investment. The research recommends that Dhaka and its city region should overcome the current weaknesses to utilize its full potential to attract businesses and investments in the future. Dhaka’s physical development and economic growth management must be considered together in order to becoming a global city playing dynamic role in the global market in future
This paper examines the factors of rural-urban migration in Bangladesh. It is found that the
underlying cause of migration is mainly driven by economic and social factors i.e., unemployment,
poverty, political and ethnic conflicts, religious etc. In the migration process the push factors are more
active then pull factors, as poverty and unemployment always push the poor villagers to change their
residence to the cities. After migration majority of the migrants comparatively improved their
livelihoods in the city. Although poor migrants have contributed significantly to the economic growth
and gained from higher wages in higher productivity areas, they remain socially and economically
excluded from the wider benefits of economic growth such as access to food and education, housing,
sanitation and freedom. The study results highlight the need to target migrant groups and urban poor
within urban areas in the provision of availability of work and social care services.
Urban local government is a vital part for the delivery of services to people. Along with other responsibilities, urban local government in Bangladesh is also responsible for environmental management. This study aims to identify the role of Paurashavas (which are administrative units at every municipality composed of elected members) in protecting a healthy and clean environment. Examining Chunarughat Paurashava, the study finds that Paurashavas have an important role in environmental management such as garbage collection, waste disposal, sewerage construction, public park protection, and so on. However, the provision of these kinds of services is hindered by various lacks, like infrastructure, logistic support, trained manpower, and funds, as well as peoples‟ participation. The study makes various recommendations to overcome these problems.